In fact both elements become visible as pop-up-only screens.
I was not able to detect their exact web addresses. The Field Guide deals with fourteen subjects. The team behind the Anti-Slavery Manuscripts takes no risks and instructs participants explicitly to leave abbreviations as they are found in the letters. However helpful in many ways, this page does not contain every element of a full-grown palaeographical manual. When you visit the History Hub , a support community concerning American history managed by the NARA, you will encounter in the user forums a lot of very useful communities, including one for legislative records , but on this platform questions about handwriting have not yet been given a corner of its own.
An endearing and lively blog post about the Anti-Slavery Manuscripts has been written by Lisa Gilbert, an instructor who reports on the experience of 8th graders 13 tot 14 years old who tried to read a letter from the collection in Boston. Line after line they struggled to understand the text.
The struggle helped the teenagers to get an idea of what it meant to fight for abolition or for any political idea. Awareness of the fact how many questions you can ask from a single document was another thing becoming clear. The study of old scripts and their context is one of the earliest historical auxiliary sciences. Since February I have tried to find online tutorials for palaeography and to create a commented overview of them on my legal history website Rechtshistorie. Sometimes it took quite an effort to find a tutorial or at least a digital version of a recent guide, in other cases it was almost a question of choosing the best.
One of the things I spotted was a division in the United States and the United Kingdom between manuals aiming at reading genealogical records, and tutorials dealing with other historical records. The United Kingdom is well served with a large number of tutorials for dealing with either manuscripts or archival records, with also at least three websites for Scottish resources, but there seem to be few online tutorials for American palaeography.
You will find sources in American history written in many languages, and certainly not only European. For Southern states you must reckon with Spanish and French resources. The difficulty to read Dutch script from the Early Modern period in archival sources concerning New York has been the subject here of a post in about the transcriptions and editions of these invaluable materials.
For the history of Pennsylvania sources written in German are important. It can be most useful to rely on palaeographical guidance for Early Modern records in these languages, even when they deal more specifically with records written or still held in Spain, France, Germany or the Low Countries. It can be wise to look at resources for Canada, too, but in fact my harvest for Canada is until now distinctly meagre. For Canadian history I have not yet found a resource which deserves to be recognized as a tutorial.
The study guide accompanies a digitized version of a book on Indian converts. B B ]. Deciphering the handwritten records of Early America. The posts present colonial documents. They provide also a bibliography and links to digitized works.
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Perhaps the most surprising tutorial comes from the Smithsonian Institution. Two of the manuals mentioned in this paragraph deal only with eighteenth-century documents. To say the least, American history covers by all means a much longer period. Explaining such rules is definitely important, but they do not substitute palaeographical guidance.
Cherokee Slaveholders and Radical Abolitionists
Ferrante did not find quickly an online palaeographical manual for American documents, and thus he choose some of the websites mentioned in the fine overview in the Folgerpedia of online resources for English palaeography. The quality of this overview is excellent, but it can suggest no online tutorials for American handwriting exist. He signals also the difficulty to read old cursive scripts for those who have not received any instruction in cursive writing, and he hesitantly admits a place for palaeography for historical periods after the Middle Ages.
The development of palaeography as an auxiliary historical science started mainly for dealing with medieval documents and manuscripts, but it widened its territory soon. Historians can choose to study only printed — or typed — resources, especially for modern history. However, we know how important it is to use letters and diaries, drawings, poems and daily notes — scribbled or in capitals — from the Civil War, First World War, the Depression Era, the New Deal or the Second World War. These sources help to give us vivid details in order to understand these periods better or to raise questions about our understanding and views.
In official records, too, we can encounter handwritten elements. Then, I dare to affirm, notwithstanding all I have said before, your fathers stooped, basely stooped. To palter with us in a double sense: And keep the word of promise to the ear, But break it to the heart. And instead of being the honest men I have before declared them to be, they were the veriest imposters that ever practiced on mankind. This is the inevitable conclusion, and from it there is no escape. But I differ from those who charge this baseness on the framers of the Constitution of the United States.
It is a slander upon their memory, at least, so I believe. A list of the books in his Washington, DC, home show how often Douglass must have consulted the playwright: not only did he have the complete works of Shakespeare, he also owned many works of scholarship on Shakespeare. Of course, when the vote for women failed to arrive, decade after decade, some of the suffragists Douglass knew sank to supporting white supremacy.
He mentions a book written by Susan B. Happy woman must she be that to her was given the power in such unstinted measure to touch and move the popular heart! Elsewhere on his bookshelves you can find slave narratives from Sojourner Truth and Harriet Jacobs. Frederick Douglass was in the middle of his grand tour around Europe when he arrived in Ayr, Scotland, in April He wrote to abolitionist Abigail Mott,.
All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery
It is famous for being the birthplace of Robert Burns, the poet, by whose brilliant genius every stream, hill, glen, and valley in the neighborhood have been made classic. I have felt more interest in visiting this place than any other in Scotland, for, as you are aware painfully perhaps , I am an enthusiastic admirer of Robt.
I have ever esteemed Robert Burns a true soul, but never could I have had the high opinion of the man or his genius, which I now entertain, without my present knowledge of the country to which he belonged—the times in which he lived, and the broad Scotch tongue in which he wrote. Burns lived in the midst of a bigoted and besotted clergy—a pious, but corrupt generation—a proud, ambitious, and contemptuous aristocracy, who, esteemed a little more than a man, and looked upon the ploughman, such as was the noble Burns, as being little better than a brute.
He became disgusted with the pious frauds, indignant at the bigotry, filled with contempt for the hollow pretensions set up by the shallow-brained aristocracy. He broke loose from the moorings which society had thrown around him.
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- Summary of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Written by Himself?
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Spurning all restraint, he sought a path for his feet, and, like all bold pioneers, he made crooked paths. We may lament it, we may weep over it, but in the language of another, we shall lament and weep with him. We may condemn his faults, but only as we condemn our own.
His very weakness was an index of his strength. Full of faults of a grievous nature, yet far more faultless than many who have come down to us on the page of history as saints. Jaime Fuller. Despite opposition from Garrison, Douglass started his own abolitionist newspaper in in Rochester, New York, under the name North Star. He became involved in politics, to the disapproval of other abolitionists who avoided politics for ideological reasons. When the Civil War broke out in , Douglass campaigned first to make it the aim of the war to abolish slavery and then to allow black men to fight for the Union.
He was successful on both fronts: Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on December 31, , and Congress authorized the enlistment of black men in , though they were paid only half what white soldiers made.
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The Union won the Civil War on April 9, During the s and beyond, Douglass continued to campaign, now for the right of blacks to vote and receive equal treatment in public places. Douglass served in government positions under several administrations in the s and s. He also found time to publish the third volume of his autobiography, The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, in the second volume, My Bondage and My Freedom, was published in Douglass died of a heart attack in He took advantage of the popularity of slave narratives while expanding the possibilities of those narratives.
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